Dog allergy is a reaction of the immune system against an “invader” (or allergen), which can be any component that the body interprets as an aggression to it. Dog allergy symptoms, therefore, are a skin response to it, a kind of defense.
The skin is the largest organ in the body and forms a barrier with the environment, through which it prevents aggression from microorganisms, chemical agents and physical injuries. Thus, this organ has the ability to reflect everything that takes place in the body. Regarding the Hypoallergenic Dogs you need to know the followings.
Main Symptoms of Dog Allergy
Intense focal or multifocal itching, skin redness, skin sores, hair loss, ear inflammation, excessive licking, sneezing, vomiting, diarrhea
Dog Allergy Treatment and Cure
Treatment will depend on the type of allergy and may include the use of medication (steroids) and avoid contact with the agent causing the problem (food, dust, fungi, and mites, fleas, cleaning products)
Diagnosis and Treatment for Dog Allergy
The same dog can have more than one type of allergy, which will make the diagnosis even more difficult. At first, the veterinarian will need to carry out an evaluation of the animal and exclude each of the possibilities, until identifying the exact cause of the allergy in a dog: DAPE, HA or Atopy. In some cases, there may be associations of these three types.
How to Prevent Dog Allergies
As there are many causes of allergy in dogs, prevention depends on identifying the allergen and keeping the pet away from it. Dog ectoparasites (fleas and ticks) can infest places such as gardens, the house, cement and wood floors, door and window frames, cracks in the floor, baseboards and many others. That is why it is important to keep the animal protected with specific products and to check its fur frequently to check for parasites.
In the case of food allergy, it is not possible to predict whether or when the dog will develop sensitivity to a particular food. However, some are more commonly allergenic: beef and chicken, soy, corn and wheat. If you suspect that one of them is causing the allergy in your dog, remove them from feeding with veterinary advice.
Food Hypersensitivity (HA)
This type refers to allergies to sources of protein and carbohydrates ingested in food. The most common allergens for dogs are beef, chicken or lamb, soy, corn and wheat. These foods are present in most commercial feeds, in addition to dyes and preservatives. So, even if the dog has never had an allergy to the food he eats, he may develop it after a while. Offering a natural diet can be an alternative in cases like this.
Atopic Dermatitis (Atopy)
It is common to find dogs suffering from Atopic Dermatitis due to the numerous substances present in the environment. The causes of atopy are still unclear, but it is known that allergens can be absorbed, inhaled or ingested.